1: Ion-exchange Resin Method.
2: Lime Softening.
3: Chelating Agents.
5: Reverse Osmosis Systems
A water softener is a system used to soften hard water by removing all the minerals (calcium and magnesium) responsible for making Water hard.
EFFECTS OF HARD WATER
Hard water has many effects on your hair and skin. Below we have listed some of the effects caused by hard water.
- Hard water causes dry hair: If you are currently dealing with dry and frizzy hair with split ends, then know that the cause could be hard water this is because the minerals and calcium found in hard water prevents your soap, shampoo, and detergents from fully dissolving making the soap stick to your hair and then leading to frizzy, cracked and riddled hair with split ends.
- It will lead to dry scalp and dandruff: The drying effects caused by hard water on your skin I’ll then lead to dry scalp and dandruff, this is because the scalp is very sensitive to anything that saps moistures.
So if you are currently dealing with dry scalp and dandruff issue, Know that hard water could be at fault
- It causes acne breakouts: The same soap that doesn’t dissolve on your hair can also leave a residue that will then clog your pores, leading into acne breakouts
- It will exacerbate eczema and psoriasis: Hard water does not cause these two skin conditions but it exacerbates it. If you see these two conditions repeatedly affecting your skin then know that hard water may be the cause.
HOW A WATER SOFTENER WORKS
Water softeners work on the principle of ion exchange, which conditions or softens hard water by substituting sodium chloride (salt) for hard minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and iron.
A typical water softener has a resin tank, a brine tank, and some type of control then the house water supply pipe is connected to a control valve and timer at the top of the resin tank and then as the unconditioned water flows down into the tank, which is filled with plastic-like beads called resin, arranged in columns called resin beds which have a negative electrical charge that attracts the positively charged mineral ions of hard water while giving off sodium ion then the minerals in the water, such as calcium and magnesium, adhere to the resin beads as the water passes through the tank and by the time the water reaches the bottom of the tank, it is softened.
BENEFITS OF WATER SOFTENERS
The following are the top benefits of water Softers to your body and household.
They Reduce Damage Done to Kitchen Utensils
Kitchen utensils are the most affected by hard water because they are always usually in most contact with the water. Hard water can as well irritate the interior of your kettles and pots when you boil hard water, scaly white spots will build up and make the pots and kettle look dirty and have an odd taste.
Water Softeners Keep the Skin Smooth and Well-Nourished
When bathing with hard water in combination with soap and shampoo can, you are more likely to develop soap scum on the body and your skin may become sticky this is because of the calcium and magnesium in hard water mixing with anions which are found in soaps.
As a result, you may develop many complicated skin conditions. So water softeners prevent such cases from happening because you are provided with healthy, safe water all the time.
Water Softeners Reduce Pipe and Faucet Damage
Hard water causes Pipes and faucets to clog, they can get damaged so much that you might need to repair and replace them. This is because of calcium and mineral buildup found in hard water.
The softeners can eliminate mineral buildup in pipes and faucets, reducing scales on sinks and bathtubs, so you do not have to clean up so often and your pipes will not be damaged.
Water Softeners will make your Water Appliances to Last Longer
The Minerals and calcium found in hard water can buildup in coffee makers, dishwashers, washing machines, and other water appliances, which can cause them to work harder then these appliances may burn out and need replacement.
Cleaning the appliances and preventing the buildup is possible but you can save yourself time and make life a bit easy for you by simply using water softeners.
Water Softeners Reduce Monthly Energy Costs
Water softeners will allow your utility bills to lower due to the decreased amount of water that you will use but you will have to pay for salt or potassium for the regeneration process in the water softeners, which are very affordable.